DOCUMENTS OF THE II CONGRESS OF LEADERS OF WORLD AND TRADITIONAL RELIGIONS
Principles of Inter-Religious Dialogue
- Dialogue shall be based upon honesty, tolerance, humility and mutual respect. It requires effective perception and learning, resulting in performing good deeds.
- Dialogue shall assume equality of all partners and create the room for free expression of opinions, perspectives and beliefs, including the integrity of each culture, language and traditions.
- Dialogue shall not be aimed at the conversion to another faith, as well as to abuse or demonstrate the superiority of one religion over another. It should not be aimed at eliminating differences, but rather at the cognition and res
- Dialogue assists in avoiding prejudices and misinterpretation of faiths of other religions, thus encouraging their cognition and understanding of them. It helps to prevent conflicts and the use of violence as a means for reducing of tension and resolving disputes.
- Dialogue offers a way towards the peaceful coexistence and fruitful cooperation of peoples. It encourages better education, and may also promote to a better understanding of the dialogue, the importance of mass media and lessen the risk of religious extremism.
- Inter-religious dialogue can serve as an example for other kinds of dialogues, especially social and political ones.
- Dialogue, conducted in a spirit of tolerance, emphasizes that all people inhabit the same globe. This assumes certain shared values such as sacredness of life, dignity of all human beings and the integrity of creation.
- Dialogue emphasizes that religion plays a vital and constructive role in the society. It promotes common good, recognizes the important role of good relationships between people and respects the specific role of the state in a society as well.
- Dialogue is fundamentally important for future generations to benefit from better relations between people of different religions and cultures.
Declaration of the participants of the II Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions
We, the leaders of world and traditional religions, gathered at our Second Congress in Astana, the capital of Kazakhstan:
- building on the success of the First Congress, which took place in the city of Astana on 23-24 September 2003 and engaged internationally recognized world religious leaders in an important initiative of inter-religious dialogue;
- wishing to help strengthen mutual understanding between cultures, religions and ethnic groups which form the basic components of world civilizations, and aiming to prevent conflicts based on cultural and religious differences;
- acknowledging that religion, having always been a fundamental element of human life and society has, at the beginning of the new century, assumed a significant new role in establishing and preserving peace;
- recognizing the great responsibility held by religious leaders for spiritual teaching and advocacy on behalf of current and future generations, and their vital role in establishing a spirit of mutual respect, understanding and acceptance in the face of new challenges;
- underlining the unique character of every religion and culture, and considering cultural and religious diversity to be an important feature of human society;
- expressing concern about increasing inter-religious and interethnic tensions in the world deriving from the exploitation of religious and national differences as a justification for violence which causes suffering to innocent victims;
- stressing that extremism and fanaticism find no justification in a genuine understanding of religion and that the vocation of all religions demands the refusal of violence and appeals to respect and peaceful coexistence with peoples and religions;
- believing that the difficulties in inter-religious and intercultural relations are related both to a fundamental imbalance in international politics, economics, social, humanitarian and information resources, and to the manipulation of religion for political ends;
- discussing and debating the above-mentioned concerns within the main theme of the Congress - "Religion, society and international security" in the context of two special blocs;
- "Freedom of religion and recognition of others";
- "Role of religious leaders in enhancing international security"
appeal to people of all religions and people of good will across the globe, and:
- call upon them to abandon enmity, discord and hatred; and embrace common respect
and generosity, recognizing the reality of cultural, religious and civilizational diversity;
- declare our determination together to tackle and ultimately eliminate prejudice, ignorance and misrepresentation of other religions by placing particular focus on what religions hold in common as well as what distinguishes them;
- condemn all forms of terrorism on the basis that justice can never be established through fear and bloodshed and that the use of such means in the name of religion is a violation and betrayal of any religion that appeals to human goodness and dialogue;
- reject all false inventions and wrongly created stereotypes about the violent nature of religions and attempts to attribute terrorism to any particular religion;
- call upon all to work together to address and eliminate all causes of terrorism, thus promoting human flourishing, dignity and unity;
- declare our rejection of any form of pressure or violence to convert followers of one religion to another;
- reaffirm the pivotal role of education, youth policy and cultural activity for understanding, solidarity and social cohesion.
We also call upon the global community, international and regional organizations, states and governments all over the world to:
- actively support the process of intercivilizational dialogue; exert sustainable efforts towards creating a culture of peace, strengthening its principles as a firm basis of international politics and the life of all people;
- work to establish a more fair world, to consolidate international law and justice, and to implement UN resolutions and signed international agreements, and to find effective means of establishing peace and security all over the world;
- heed the voices of victims of oppression and terrorism and use all means to seek a just settlement of the existing conflicts, thus addressing the grievances that nurture violence;
- reject totally the development, production and possession of weapons of mass destruction and promote the strengthening of non-proliferation regimes;
- respect and protect the sanctity of religious symbols and places and take appropriate measures
Based upon the abovementioned, we, the leaders of world and traditional religions, RESOVED TO:
- take concrete collective measures for encouraging and highlighting positive perceptions of inter-religious relations by organizing joint meetings, seminars and addresses in the mass media, the Internet and other places of influence;
- strongly promote interreligious tolerance among younger generations to make them more devoted to dialogue and encourage them recognize universal values;
- integrate questions of the dialogue between civilizations and religions into curricula at all educational levels with a view to helping young people to respect and understand religious and cultural difference without hostility;
- use our spiritual influence, authority and resources to further establish peace, security, stability and contacts between each other in order to make a combined contribution to the prevention and resolution of disputes among different religious communities;
- offer our experience and best efforts to governments and people or groups and powers involved into conflicts in order to assist them in easing tensions, forming where appropriate joint delegations to conduct negotiations with them;
- commit to make efforts to promote and realise the goals stated in this Declaration, and to assign the Congress Secretariat to propose a plan for the best possible translation of these recommendations into reality;
- conduct the Congress of religions on a permanent basis and hold the third Congress of the leaders of world and traditional religions in 2009. For the Secretariat to present proposals on time and place of the next forum;
- bring to the attention of the General Assembly of the United Nations the conceptual and practical role performed by the Congress in promoting dialogue among civilizations, cultures and religions and its considerable achievements in interreligious understanding, inviting support for the further activity of the Congress.